He is sitting next to me in a quiet, empty restaurant, talking with his thick voice and a strong rural accent. He is in his late 50s, looking a decade older than he actually is, tall and thin, always sitting straight, always looking you in the eyes. I have just asked him what the sesame plant looks like and all of a sudden the story of its cultivation begins unfolding in front of my eyes. I can picture him, a 10-year-old boy in the early 70s, sowing the sesame seeds in the vast, sunny fields of northern Greece.
The sesame plant is a short bush he says, which loves well-drained, fertile soils, making it ideal for cultivation in warm climates. Its seeds hide in its flowers and when it is to be cultivated, the flowers are cut from the plant and their content is sowed in the fields. There, they remain untouched, growing with little water until the day of the harvest arrives. When the plants grow to 50 cm, they are uprooted, the sesame seeds are released and they are piled in mounds to dry. Before they are stored they have to be winnowed by throwing them by handfuls towards the sky so that the air removes any unwanted material like soil and crushed dried leaves. Back in those days in the small village where he grew up, the sesame was cold-pressed in the same press as the olives and its oil would be released. Although not as flavourful as olive oil, it would be enjoyed no matter what, as their diet relied solely on the food they produced.
A village of no more than thirty people, all of them strong and thin, all of them part of the land. When the children weren’t at school, they were in the fields helping their parents to cultivate the land. By cultivating and harvesting, the blessed Greek soil would give its rich produce to those who tended to it. During the 80s, with the development of technology, the cultivation of the sesame plants gave way to other, more profitable cultivations. Sesame seeds rely solely on being collected by hand, he says, and for this reason, nowadays the world’s leading sesame producers are countries where labour is cheap and the climate too dry to produce much else. He pauses for a moment and I feel eager to ask more. But now he seems to be left behind on the land of his ancestors. His movements while describing the procedure were vivid as if he was there, fifty years ago, a sun-kissed boy digging the soil. We now eat quietly, while my own mind slips to the warmth of my kitchen and the movement of my hands while making this tahini ice cream.
Tahini Ice Cream recipe
This ice cream is perfect for winter. It has a warm, lovely nutty taste with nothing of the stiffness of the tahini paste. For this recipe you will need a 100% tahini paste. It has to be good enough to be eaten plain with a bit of honey on a slice of toasted bread.
- Freeze your ice cream machine’s container at least 24 hours before the time you plan to churn the ice cream.
- Make the ice cream base 12 hours before the time you plan to churn the ice cream.
- Let the ice cream sit in the freezer for 3-4 hours after churning, before you serve it
This batch is for an ice cream maker of 1.5 liter/quart capacity.
( you can find more about the ingredients in the footnotes )
- 850 γρ / 850 ml / 29 fl. oz. whole milk
- 30 gr / 1.05 oz. powdered milk (optional but highly recommended, see foot notes)
- 200 gr / 7 oz. demerara sugar (or regular white sugar)
- 175 gr/ 6.2 oz. 100% tahini paste, stirred well
- 15 gr / 1 Tbs. / 0.5 oz. corn starch (corn flour)
Step 1 – Prepare the Ice Cream Base
In a cup put the corn starch and a ladleful of the measured cold milk. Whisk with a fork to dissolve the corn starch. In a large heatproof bowl put the tahini and pour the corn starch paste on top. Give everything a stir with a silicone spatula. Keep a ladle nearby.
In a large saucepan pour the rest of the milk, milk powder and sugar. Warm on moderate heat stirring often with a rubber spatula until it begins to steam. Using the ladle start pouring the hot milk into the tahini, a ladle at a time, whisking well before each addition. You will not need to add all the milk, just enough to sufficiently homogenize and thin it to a fluid consistency.
Pour it back to the saucepan and warm it while stirring constantly with a spatula. Stirring has to be done, aiming to avoid any milk sticking to the bottom of the saucepan, so scrape the bottom with the spatula as you go.
When the surface begins to bubble, set a timer and keep stirring constantly for 30 seconds. Pour the thickened milk mixture to a large heatproof bowl (you can use the same you put the tahini in before, no need to rinse it).
Step 2 – Cool the Ice Cream Base
It is quite useful to keep stirring with the spatula for 7-8 minutes after removing it from the heat. This will help release the steam and cool it down faster. After that you can put it in an ice bath to cool it down completely.
How to prepare an ice bath
You will need a large bowl, larger than the bowl with the prepared ice cream base. Put in some ice cubes and cold water. Carefully nest the bowl with the ice cream base in it. Pour more cold water from the sides, till it is level with the surface of the ice cream base in the inner bowl. Take extra care not to spill any water into the ice cream base.
Alternatively, first nest the bowl with the ice cream base into the empty larger bowl. Fill the sides with ice cubes and cold water, taking care not to let any water spill into the bowl with the ice cream base. This is my preferred method, as sitting directly on the bottom of the bowl, rather than sitting on ice cubes, is more stable.
Once at room temperature, put it in a container with a lid and leave it in the refrigerator for 8 hours. Given that the milk is fresh, you can safely keep it there for up to 3 days.
Step 3 – Churn the Ice Cream
Prepare the ice cream machine according to the manufacturer’s instructions. With the machine running, pour the chilled ice cream base through the canister and into the ice cream machine. Leave to churn until nice and fluffy.
Remove the machine from the container and put the container along with the lid into the freezer. Leave for 3-4 hours for the ice cream to properly set, before serving or removing to another container.
Powdered milk : helps ice cream expand in volume while churning by creating better structure. There are many kinds of powdered milk out there; regular skimmed milk powder works best, plus it can easily be found in most super markets. However, you may use whey powder, whole milk powder or any other powdered milk as long as it consists solely of milk powder (no sugar, flavour or anything else listed on the ingredients)
Demerara sugar : is a variety of raw cane sugar and gives depth of flavour. You may use any kind of raw cane sugar you like, as long as it its light brown in colour. Regular white sugar works well too, although it doesn’t help in building flavour.
Tahini paste : only use 100% tahini paste, with no other ingredients included. If there is oil on the surface of the product, you have to stir well before using it. The separation of the solids and oils is the naturally occurring phenomenon of this totally natural product. Stirring well the tahini, while troublesome as a procedure, insures that the oils will sufficiently blend with the solids.